Mercedes Benz - W111 Fintail (1959 to 1972)
The "Fintail" (German: Heckflosse
) was a series of luxury cars produced by Mercedes-Benz from the late 1950s to the mid-1960s under the W111 chassis code. Though never officially designated as such (they were designated Peilstege
, marking the end of the car in rear view mirror), the cars gained the nickname because of the distinctive rear-end which incorporates small tailfins, thought to be an understated attempt to appeal to the United States market at the time (with their outrageously finned cars, such as the Cadillacs and Buicks of the times).
The Fintail is considered part of the lineage of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class flagship model, particularly the initial 6-cylinder W111 and more luxurious W112 models. A 4-cylinder version, the W110, was introduced in 1962. In the S-Class lineage, the Fintail models were succeeded by the larger W108/W109 lines.
Mercedes Benz 220 1963
Mercedes Benz 220 SE W111 Cabrio
Tiefenbronn by Pforzheim
Mercedes Benz 230 1967
Mercedes Benz 230 Heckflosse
Mercedes Benz 190 1965
Mercedes Benz 190 DC Fintail
Munich / Munchen, Germany
Mercedes Benz 200 1967
Mercedes Benz 200 Fintail
Forsten b. Munich
Mercedes Benz 220 1962
Mercedes Benz 220SE Cabriolet
The Fintail models were pioneers of the automotive safety feature of crumple zones, which absorb the energies of a collision. The idea for crumple zones came from Bela Barenyi who worked as an engineer for Mercedes-Benz.
The fintail models consisted of three basic platforms:
As is standard practice for most automobile manufacturers, several different engine combinations and interior trim options were applied to the basic platforms, to create many different models.
- W111 - Standard 6-cylinder luxury cars, introduced in 1959
- W112 - Ultra-luxurious variants with air suspension, introduced in 1961
- W110 - Cheaper, 4-cylinder models with a shortened hood, introduced in 1962; "Kleinflosse" in German